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'Knife before wife’: an exploratory study of gender and the UK medical profession

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'Knife before wife’ : an exploratory study of gender and the UK medical profession. / Johnston, Karen.

In: Journal of Health Organization and Management, Vol. 22, No. 3, 2008, p. 238-253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Johnston, Karen. / 'Knife before wife’ : an exploratory study of gender and the UK medical profession. In: Journal of Health Organization and Management. 2008 ; Vol. 22, No. 3. pp. 238-253.

Bibtex

@article{6ebcf82c094b419ca31772a31d9d11bb,
title = "'Knife before wife{\textquoteright}: an exploratory study of gender and the UK medical profession",
abstract = "Purpose – The paper aims to explore the increasing feminisation of the medical profession and career progression of women in the medical profession. Furthermore, the paper explores the implications of gender segregation in the medical profession for health service provision.Design/methodology/approach – The paper presents an overview of studies in this area and draws upon primary, empirical research with medical practitioners and medical students. However, unlike most other studies the sample includes male and female participants. The research involved {\'e}lite interviews and self‐completion questionnaires in order to provide perspectives of both male and female medical practitioners and medical students.Findings – The findings are consistent with those of other studies; that gender discrimination and segregation is still prevalent in the medical profession. But there are significant differences in perceptions between the genders. Moreover, it is concluded that the gendered career structure and organisational culture of the health sector and medical profession create a role conflict between personal and professional lives. The current difficulties in reconciling this role conflict create barriers to the career progression of women in the medical profession.Research limitations/implications – Further research in this area could include a longitudinal study of medical students and the impact of changes in the design of medical training and career structures to assess whether these changes enable female career progression in the medical profession. Further analysis is needed of gendered practices and career development in specific specialist areas, and the role of the medical profession, NHS and Royal Colleges should play in addressing gender and career progression in medicine.Practical implications – Gender segregation (vertical and horizontal) in the medical profession will have implications for the attraction, retention and increased shortages of practitioners in hospital and surgical specialities with the resultant economic and health provision inefficiencies.Originality/value – The paper provides a review of literature in this area, thereby providing a longitudinal perspective of gender and the medical profession. Moreover, the research sample includes both male and female medical practitioners and medical students, which provides perspectives from both genders and from those who have experience within the medical profession and from those beginning their career in the medical profession. The research will be of value to the medical profession, the NHS and Royal Colleges of Medicine.",
keywords = "gender, medical sciences, career development, role conflict, National Health Service, United Kingdom",
author = "Karen Johnston",
note = "Published under the author's previous name of Miller",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1108/14777260810883521",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "238--253",
journal = "Journal of Health Organization and Management",
issn = "1477-7266",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Limited",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - 'Knife before wife’

T2 - an exploratory study of gender and the UK medical profession

AU - Johnston, Karen

N1 - Published under the author's previous name of Miller

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Purpose – The paper aims to explore the increasing feminisation of the medical profession and career progression of women in the medical profession. Furthermore, the paper explores the implications of gender segregation in the medical profession for health service provision.Design/methodology/approach – The paper presents an overview of studies in this area and draws upon primary, empirical research with medical practitioners and medical students. However, unlike most other studies the sample includes male and female participants. The research involved élite interviews and self‐completion questionnaires in order to provide perspectives of both male and female medical practitioners and medical students.Findings – The findings are consistent with those of other studies; that gender discrimination and segregation is still prevalent in the medical profession. But there are significant differences in perceptions between the genders. Moreover, it is concluded that the gendered career structure and organisational culture of the health sector and medical profession create a role conflict between personal and professional lives. The current difficulties in reconciling this role conflict create barriers to the career progression of women in the medical profession.Research limitations/implications – Further research in this area could include a longitudinal study of medical students and the impact of changes in the design of medical training and career structures to assess whether these changes enable female career progression in the medical profession. Further analysis is needed of gendered practices and career development in specific specialist areas, and the role of the medical profession, NHS and Royal Colleges should play in addressing gender and career progression in medicine.Practical implications – Gender segregation (vertical and horizontal) in the medical profession will have implications for the attraction, retention and increased shortages of practitioners in hospital and surgical specialities with the resultant economic and health provision inefficiencies.Originality/value – The paper provides a review of literature in this area, thereby providing a longitudinal perspective of gender and the medical profession. Moreover, the research sample includes both male and female medical practitioners and medical students, which provides perspectives from both genders and from those who have experience within the medical profession and from those beginning their career in the medical profession. The research will be of value to the medical profession, the NHS and Royal Colleges of Medicine.

AB - Purpose – The paper aims to explore the increasing feminisation of the medical profession and career progression of women in the medical profession. Furthermore, the paper explores the implications of gender segregation in the medical profession for health service provision.Design/methodology/approach – The paper presents an overview of studies in this area and draws upon primary, empirical research with medical practitioners and medical students. However, unlike most other studies the sample includes male and female participants. The research involved élite interviews and self‐completion questionnaires in order to provide perspectives of both male and female medical practitioners and medical students.Findings – The findings are consistent with those of other studies; that gender discrimination and segregation is still prevalent in the medical profession. But there are significant differences in perceptions between the genders. Moreover, it is concluded that the gendered career structure and organisational culture of the health sector and medical profession create a role conflict between personal and professional lives. The current difficulties in reconciling this role conflict create barriers to the career progression of women in the medical profession.Research limitations/implications – Further research in this area could include a longitudinal study of medical students and the impact of changes in the design of medical training and career structures to assess whether these changes enable female career progression in the medical profession. Further analysis is needed of gendered practices and career development in specific specialist areas, and the role of the medical profession, NHS and Royal Colleges should play in addressing gender and career progression in medicine.Practical implications – Gender segregation (vertical and horizontal) in the medical profession will have implications for the attraction, retention and increased shortages of practitioners in hospital and surgical specialities with the resultant economic and health provision inefficiencies.Originality/value – The paper provides a review of literature in this area, thereby providing a longitudinal perspective of gender and the medical profession. Moreover, the research sample includes both male and female medical practitioners and medical students, which provides perspectives from both genders and from those who have experience within the medical profession and from those beginning their career in the medical profession. The research will be of value to the medical profession, the NHS and Royal Colleges of Medicine.

KW - gender

KW - medical sciences

KW - career development

KW - role conflict

KW - National Health Service

KW - United Kingdom

U2 - 10.1108/14777260810883521

DO - 10.1108/14777260810883521

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 238

EP - 253

JO - Journal of Health Organization and Management

JF - Journal of Health Organization and Management

SN - 1477-7266

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 4859242