Mathematical modelling of a microRNA-regulated gene network in Caenorhabditis elegans
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MicroRNAs are known to regulate gene expression either by repressing translation or by directing sequence-specific degradation of target mRNAs, and are therefore considered to be key regulators of gene expression. A gene-regulatory pathway involving heterochronic genes controls the temporal pattern of Caenorhabditis elegans postembryonic cell lineages. Based on experimental data, we propose and analyze a mathematical model of a gene-regulatory module in this nematode involving two heterochronic genes, lin-14 and lin-28, which are both regulated by lin-4, encoding a microRNA. The conditions under which the model experiences bifurcations are investigated. We determine the parameter regimes for which the system exhibits monostability and bistability, the latter associated with a biological switch. We observe in particular that bistability occurs without co-operativity, in keeping with knowledge about the regulatory behaviour of lin-14 and lin-28. The analytical results are confirmed by numerical simulations that illustrate how the microRNA lin-4 plays a crucial role in determining of the qualitative dynamics of the model.
|Journal||Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Mar 2020|
- Mainul et al MBE 2020
Final published version, 982 KB, PDF document
Licence: CC BY