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pH up-regulation as a potential mechanism for the cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa to sustain growth in aragonite undersaturated conditions

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  • Marlene wall
  • Federica Ragazzola
  • Laura C. Foster
  • Armin U. Form
  • Daniela N. Schmidt
Cold-water corals are important habitat formers in deep-water ecosystems and at high latitudes. Ocean acidifi- cation and the resulting change in aragonite saturation are expected to affect these habitats and impact coral growth. Counter to expectations, the deep water coral Lophelia per- tusa has been found to be able to sustain growth even in undersaturated conditions. However, it is important to know whether such undersaturation modifies the skeleton and thus its ecosystem functioning. Here we used Synchrotron X-Ray Tomography and Raman spectroscopy to examine changes in skeleton morphology and fibre orientation. We combined the morphological assessment with boron isotope analysis to de- termine if changes in growth are related to changes in control of calcification pH. We compared the isotopic composition and structure formed in their natural environment to material grown in culture at lower pH conditions. Skeletal morphol- ogy is highly variable but shows no distinctive differences be- tween natural and low pH conditions. Raman investigations found no difference in macromorphological skeletal arrange- ment of early mineralization zones and secondary thicken- ing between the treatments. The δ11B analyses show that L. pertusa up-regulates the internal calcifying fluid pH (pHcf) during calcification compared to ambient seawater pH and maintains a similar elevated pHcf at increased pCO2 condi- tions. We suggest that as long as the energy is available to sustain the up-regulation, i.e. individuals are well fed, there is no detrimental effect to the skeletal morphology.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Wall_etal_BGD_revised_Final

    Rights statement: Biogeosciences, 12, 6869-6880, 2015 doi:10.5194/bg-12-6869-2015 © Author(s) 2015. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 26.9 MB, Word document

    Licence: CC BY

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