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Rates of Thy 1-non-diagnostic thyroid fine needle aspiration using the UK Royal College of Pathologists Thy Terminology: a systematic review of the literature comparing patients undergoing rapid on-site evaluation and those who do not

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Introduction: The UK Royal College of Pathologists (RCPath) Thy terminology is an internationally recognised system for reporting thyroid fine needle aspiration. The terminology has been used throughout the UK and Ireland, in some parts of Italy and Switzerland, and elsewhere in the world. There is no systematic review of the literature specifically addressing the use of the non‐diagnostic for cytological diagnosis‐Thy1/Thy 1c category in the UK RCPath terminology.

Methods: A comprehensive literature search of online databases was conducted in October 2019 specifically examining overall reported rates of Thy1 and Thy1c in aspirates classified according to the UK Thy terminology.

Results: Twenty‐five articles were identified showing a Thy1 rate of 13.4% (2540/18 920). The studies were then stratified according to whether or not the patients underwent rapid on‐site evaluation (ROSE): 6.0% (353/5841; range 3.0%‐10.9%) of ROSE aspirates were Thy1 whereas 18.5% (2072/11 204; range 7.9%‐43.3%) of non‐ROSE patients were Thy1; (P < .05). Three studies from 2016 reported Thy1c rates of 5.4%, 6.5% and 10.6%, respectively, implying Thy1 rates excluding Thy1c aspirates of 20.9%, 8.7% and 12.7%, respectively.

Conclusion: This systematic review of the literature shows relatively high rates of aspirates non‐diagnostic for cytological diagnosis‐Thy1 in the peer‐reviewed published literature using the UK terminology. Utilisation of ROSE appears to produce lower rates of Thy1 aspirates and ROSE should be considered if rates of non‐diagnostic for cytological diagnosis‐Thy1/Thy 1c are high.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalCytopathology
Early online date30 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online - 30 Jan 2020

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  • Thy1_30.12.19_revision_clean_copy

    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Poller, DN, Doyle, V, Trimboli, P, Bongiovanni, M. Rates of Thy 1‐non‐diagnostic thyroid fine needle aspiration using the UK Royal College of Pathologists Thy Terminology. A systematic review of the literature comparing patients who undergo rapid on‐site evaluation and those who do not. Cytopathology. 2020;00: 1‐ 7, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/cyt.12804. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 316 KB, PDF document

    Due to publisher’s copyright restrictions, this document is not freely available to download from this website until: 30/01/21

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