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Relationships between HI Gas Mass, Stellar Mass, and the Star Formation Rate of HICAT+WISE (H I-WISE) Galaxies

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We have measured the relationships between H i mass, stellar mass, and star formation rate using the Hi Parkes All-Sky Survey Catalog (HICAT) and the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). Of the 3513 HICAT sources, we find 3.4 μm counterparts for 2896 sources (80%), and provide new WISE-matched aperture photometry for these galaxies. For our principal sample of spiral galaxies with W1 ≤ 10 mag and z ≤ 0.01, we identify H i detections for 93% of the sample. We measure lower H i-stellar mass relationships for H i-selected samples that do not include spiral galaxies with little H i gas. Our observations of the spiral sample show that H i mass increases with stellar mass with a power-law index of 0.35; however, this value is dependent on T-type, which affects both the median and the dispersion of Hi mass. We also observe an upper limit on the H i gas fraction, which is consistent with a halo spin parameter model. We measure the star formation efficiency of spiral galaxies to be constant at 10-9.57 yr-1 ±0.4 dex for 2.5 orders of magnitude in stellar mass, despite the higher stellar mass spiral showing evidence of quenched star formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number40
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2018


  • Parkash_2018_ApJ_864_40

    Rights statement: Vaishali Parkash, et. al. (2018). 'Relationships between Hi Gas Mass, Stellar Mass, and the Star Formation Rate of HICAT+WISE (H i-WISE) Galaxies'. Astrophysical Journal. 864, 40. Reproduced by permission of the AAS.

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