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SDSS-IV MaNGA: local and global chemical abundance patterns in early-type galaxies

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SDSS-IV MaNGA : local and global chemical abundance patterns in early-type galaxies. / Parikh, Taniya; Thomas, Daniel; Maraston, Claudia; Westfall, Kyle B.; Lian, Jianhui; Fraser-McKelvie, Amelia; Andrews, Brett H.; Drory, Niv; Meneses-Goytia, Sofia.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 483, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 3420–3436.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Parikh, T, Thomas, D, Maraston, C, Westfall, KB, Lian, J, Fraser-McKelvie, A, Andrews, BH, Drory, N & Meneses-Goytia, S 2019, 'SDSS-IV MaNGA: local and global chemical abundance patterns in early-type galaxies' Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 483, no. 3, pp. 3420–3436. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty3339

APA

Parikh, T., Thomas, D., Maraston, C., Westfall, K. B., Lian, J., Fraser-McKelvie, A., ... Meneses-Goytia, S. (2019). SDSS-IV MaNGA: local and global chemical abundance patterns in early-type galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 483(3), 3420–3436. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty3339

Vancouver

Parikh T, Thomas D, Maraston C, Westfall KB, Lian J, Fraser-McKelvie A et al. SDSS-IV MaNGA: local and global chemical abundance patterns in early-type galaxies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2019 Mar 1;483(3):3420–3436. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty3339

Author

Parikh, Taniya ; Thomas, Daniel ; Maraston, Claudia ; Westfall, Kyle B. ; Lian, Jianhui ; Fraser-McKelvie, Amelia ; Andrews, Brett H. ; Drory, Niv ; Meneses-Goytia, Sofia. / SDSS-IV MaNGA : local and global chemical abundance patterns in early-type galaxies. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2019 ; Vol. 483, No. 3. pp. 3420–3436.

Bibtex

@article{21fc1fe7c23748519935d7182f6f540a,
title = "SDSS-IV MaNGA: local and global chemical abundance patterns in early-type galaxies",
abstract = "Chemical enrichment signatures strongly constrain galaxy formation and evolution, and a detailed understanding of abundance patterns provides clues regarding the nucleosynthetic production pathways of elements. Using integral-field spectroscopy from the MaNGA (Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory) survey, we study radial gradients of chemical element abundances in detail. We use stacked spectra out to 1 Re of 366 early-type galaxies with masses 9.9−10.8 log M/M⊙ to probe the abundances of the elements C, N, Na, Mg, Ca, and Ti, relative to the abundance of Fe, by fitting stellar population models to a combination of Lick absorption indices. We find that C, Mg, and Ti trace each other both as a function of galaxy radius and galaxy mass. These similar C and Mg abundances within and across galaxies set a lower limit for star formation time-scales. Conversely, N and Ca are generally offset to lower abundances. The underabundance of Ca compared to Mg implies delayed enrichment of Ca through Type Ia supernovae, whereas the correlated behaviour of Ti and the lighter α elements, C and Mg, suggest contributions to Ti from Type II supernovae. We obtain shallow radial gradients in [Mg/Fe], [C/Fe], and [Ti/Fe], meaning that these inferences are independent of radius. However, we measure strong negative radial gradients for [N/Fe] and [Na/Fe], of up to −0.25 ± 0.05 and −0.29 ± 0.02 dex/Re, respectively. These gradients become shallower with decreasing galaxy mass. We find that N and Na abundances increase more steeply with velocity dispersion within galaxies than globally, while the other elements show the same relation locally and globally. This implies that the high Na and N abundances found in massive early-type galaxies are generated by internal processes within galaxies. These are strongly correlated with the total metallicity, suggesting metallicity-dependent Na enrichment and secondary N production in massive early-type galaxies.",
keywords = "astro-ph.GA, RCUK, STFC, ST/N000668/1, galaxies: abundances, galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD, galaxies: evolution, galaxies: formation, galaxies: stellar content",
author = "Taniya Parikh and Daniel Thomas and Claudia Maraston and Westfall, {Kyle B.} and Jianhui Lian and Amelia Fraser-McKelvie and Andrews, {Brett H.} and Niv Drory and Sofia Meneses-Goytia",
note = "17 pages, 9 figures, 4 tables. MNRAS in press",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1093/mnras/sty3339",
language = "English",
volume = "483",
pages = "3420–3436",
journal = "MNRAS",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - SDSS-IV MaNGA

T2 - MNRAS

AU - Parikh, Taniya

AU - Thomas, Daniel

AU - Maraston, Claudia

AU - Westfall, Kyle B.

AU - Lian, Jianhui

AU - Fraser-McKelvie, Amelia

AU - Andrews, Brett H.

AU - Drory, Niv

AU - Meneses-Goytia, Sofia

N1 - 17 pages, 9 figures, 4 tables. MNRAS in press

PY - 2018/12/7

Y1 - 2018/12/7

N2 - Chemical enrichment signatures strongly constrain galaxy formation and evolution, and a detailed understanding of abundance patterns provides clues regarding the nucleosynthetic production pathways of elements. Using integral-field spectroscopy from the MaNGA (Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory) survey, we study radial gradients of chemical element abundances in detail. We use stacked spectra out to 1 Re of 366 early-type galaxies with masses 9.9−10.8 log M/M⊙ to probe the abundances of the elements C, N, Na, Mg, Ca, and Ti, relative to the abundance of Fe, by fitting stellar population models to a combination of Lick absorption indices. We find that C, Mg, and Ti trace each other both as a function of galaxy radius and galaxy mass. These similar C and Mg abundances within and across galaxies set a lower limit for star formation time-scales. Conversely, N and Ca are generally offset to lower abundances. The underabundance of Ca compared to Mg implies delayed enrichment of Ca through Type Ia supernovae, whereas the correlated behaviour of Ti and the lighter α elements, C and Mg, suggest contributions to Ti from Type II supernovae. We obtain shallow radial gradients in [Mg/Fe], [C/Fe], and [Ti/Fe], meaning that these inferences are independent of radius. However, we measure strong negative radial gradients for [N/Fe] and [Na/Fe], of up to −0.25 ± 0.05 and −0.29 ± 0.02 dex/Re, respectively. These gradients become shallower with decreasing galaxy mass. We find that N and Na abundances increase more steeply with velocity dispersion within galaxies than globally, while the other elements show the same relation locally and globally. This implies that the high Na and N abundances found in massive early-type galaxies are generated by internal processes within galaxies. These are strongly correlated with the total metallicity, suggesting metallicity-dependent Na enrichment and secondary N production in massive early-type galaxies.

AB - Chemical enrichment signatures strongly constrain galaxy formation and evolution, and a detailed understanding of abundance patterns provides clues regarding the nucleosynthetic production pathways of elements. Using integral-field spectroscopy from the MaNGA (Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory) survey, we study radial gradients of chemical element abundances in detail. We use stacked spectra out to 1 Re of 366 early-type galaxies with masses 9.9−10.8 log M/M⊙ to probe the abundances of the elements C, N, Na, Mg, Ca, and Ti, relative to the abundance of Fe, by fitting stellar population models to a combination of Lick absorption indices. We find that C, Mg, and Ti trace each other both as a function of galaxy radius and galaxy mass. These similar C and Mg abundances within and across galaxies set a lower limit for star formation time-scales. Conversely, N and Ca are generally offset to lower abundances. The underabundance of Ca compared to Mg implies delayed enrichment of Ca through Type Ia supernovae, whereas the correlated behaviour of Ti and the lighter α elements, C and Mg, suggest contributions to Ti from Type II supernovae. We obtain shallow radial gradients in [Mg/Fe], [C/Fe], and [Ti/Fe], meaning that these inferences are independent of radius. However, we measure strong negative radial gradients for [N/Fe] and [Na/Fe], of up to −0.25 ± 0.05 and −0.29 ± 0.02 dex/Re, respectively. These gradients become shallower with decreasing galaxy mass. We find that N and Na abundances increase more steeply with velocity dispersion within galaxies than globally, while the other elements show the same relation locally and globally. This implies that the high Na and N abundances found in massive early-type galaxies are generated by internal processes within galaxies. These are strongly correlated with the total metallicity, suggesting metallicity-dependent Na enrichment and secondary N production in massive early-type galaxies.

KW - astro-ph.GA

KW - RCUK

KW - STFC

KW - ST/N000668/1

KW - galaxies: abundances

KW - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD

KW - galaxies: evolution

KW - galaxies: formation

KW - galaxies: stellar content

U2 - 10.1093/mnras/sty3339

DO - 10.1093/mnras/sty3339

M3 - Article

VL - 483

SP - 3420

EP - 3436

JO - MNRAS

JF - MNRAS

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 12727978