Shadows in the dark: low-surface-brightness galaxies discovered in the dark energy survey
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
We present a catalog of 23,790 extended low-surface-brightness galaxies (LSBGs) identified in ~5000 deg2 from the first three years of imaging data from the Dark Energy Survey (DES). Based on a single-component Sérsic model fit, we define extended LSBGs as galaxies with g-band effective radii Reff (g) > 2."5 and mean surface brightness μeff (g )> 24.2 mag arcsec-2. We find that the distribution of LSBGs is strongly bimodal in (g-r) versus (g-i) color space. We divide our sample into red (g-i ≥ 0.60) and blue (g-i < 0.60) galaxies and study the properties of the two populations. Redder LSBGs are more clustered than their blue counterparts and are correlated with the distribution of nearby (z < 0.10) bright galaxies. Red LSBGs constitute ~33% of our LSBG sample, and ~30% of these are located within 1° of low-redshift galaxy groups and clusters (compared to ~8% of the blue LSBGs). For nine of the most prominent galaxy groups and clusters, we calculate the physical properties of associated LSBGs assuming a redshift derived from the host system. In these systems, we identify 41 objects that can be classified as ultradiffuse galaxies, defined as LSBGs with projected physical effective radii Reff > 1.5 kpc and central surface brightness μ0 (g )> 24.0 mag arcsec-2. The wide-area sample of LSBGs in DES can be used to test the role of environment on models of LSBG formation and evolution.
|Number of pages||26|
|Journal||Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Jan 2021|
Rights statement: D. Tanoglidis et al 2021 ApJS 252 18. Reproduced by permission of the AAS.
Final published version, 8.81 MB, PDF document