Spadin selectively antagonizes arachidonic acid activation of TREK-1 channels
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TREK-1 channel activity is a critical regulator of neuronal, cardiac, and smooth muscle physiology and pathology. The antidepressant peptide, spadin, has been proposed to be a TREK-1-specific blocker. Here we sought to examine the mechanism of action underlying spadin inhibition of TREK-1 channels. Heterologous expression in Xenopus laevis oocytes and electrophysiological analysis using two-electrode voltage clamp in standard bath solutions was used to characterize the pharmacological profile of wild-type and mutant murine TREK-1 and TREK-2 channels using previously established human K2P activators; arachidonic acid (AA), cis-4,7,10,13,16,19-docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), BL-1249, and cinnamyl-3,4-dihydroxy-α-cyanocinnamate (CDC) and inhibitors; spadin and barium (Ba2+). Mouse TREK-1 and TREK-2 channel currents were both significantly increased by AA, BL-1249, and CDC, similar to their human homologs. Under basal conditions, both TREK-1 and TREK-2 currents were insensitive to application of spadin, but could be blocked by Ba2+. Spadin did not significantly inhibit either TREK-1 or TREK-2 currents either chemically activated by AA, BL-1249, or CDC, or structurally activated via a gating mutation. However, pre-exposure to spadin significantly perturbed the subsequent activation of TREK-1 currents by AA, but not TREK-2. Furthermore, spadin was unable to prevent activation of TREK-1 by BL-1249, CDC, or the related bioactive lipid, DHA. Spadin specifically antagonizes the activation of TREK-1 channels by AA, likely via an allosteric mechanism. Lack of intrinsic activity may explain the absence of clinical side effects during antidepressant therapy.
|Journal||Frontiers in Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 7 Apr 2020|
- Spadin slectively antagonizes
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Licence: CC BY