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Sub-lattice polarization states in anti-ferroelectrics and their relaxation process

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We report studies of quasi-remanent polarization states in Pb0.99Nb0.02 [(Zr0.57Sn0.43) 0.94Ti0.06] 0.98O3 (PNZST) anti-ferroelectric ceramics and investigation of their relaxation effects using unique insitu electrically activated time-resolved Synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction (SXPD) and 119Sn Mössbauer Spectroscopy (MS). The SXPD patterns are consistent with a phase transition from quasi-tetragonal perovskite in 0V relaxed anti-ferroelectric state to rhombohedral distortion in ferroelectric state under saturating applied voltages of 2kV. The observed quasi-remanent polarization relaxation processes are due to the fact that tetragonal to rhombohedral distortion does not occur at the applied voltage required to access the quasi-remanent polarization states, and the tetragonal symmetry restored after the removal of the applied electric field is preserved. Since these quasi-remanent polarization states were seen as possibly suitable for memory applications, the implications of this study are that anti-ferroelectrics are more feasible for multi-state dynamic random access memories (DRAM), while their application to non-volatile memories requires development of more sophisticated "read-out" protocols, possibly involving dc electrical biasing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-656
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Applied Physics
Volume19
Issue number5
Early online date15 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

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    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 779 KB, PDF document

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    Licence: CC BY-NC-ND

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