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The emergence of training and assessment for referees in Association Football: moving from the side-lines

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The referee is an essential part of the codified form of Association Football that we know today. Nevertheless, this has not always been the case; whilst a referee, in some form, has been a requirement since codification in order for football matches to occur, referees have not always been central in the thought process of rule makers and those developing the game. This essay explores the evolution of the referee within Association Football and, more specifically, the training, support and assessment practices that referees have received since the codification of Association Football in 1863. Therefore, this essay focuses on debates and input from governing bodies, such as the Football Association, FIFA and the Referees Associations specifically related to referees and their training, support and assessment as the association code of football continued to evolve.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1081-1097
JournalThe International Journal of the History of Sport
Volume31
Issue number9
Early online date7 Apr 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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