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The evolution of regional wildlife conservation, environmental protection and anti-poaching law in the Southern African development community

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Environmental laws in Africa have their roots in the political economy of colonialism. This article examines the evolution of wildlife crime and conservation institutional framework in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. SADC countries have ratified multilateral environmental agreements and embraced Transboundary Conservation Areas. However, SADC states are hesitant to ratify treaties that make inroads into their sovereignty. Classification of poaching as a transnational organised crime is essential in effectively combating this crime. Policy recommendation on the effective use of wildlife instruments is made. It is recommended that the SADC Tribunal be resuscitated with jurisdiction over transnational environmental issues.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCommonwealth Law Bulletin
Early online date20 Oct 2020
Publication statusEarly online - 20 Oct 2020


  • CC post-print

    Rights statement: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Commonwealth Law Bulletin on 20/10/2020, available online:

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 266 KB, PDF document

    Due to publisher’s copyright restrictions, this document is not freely available to download from this website until: 20/04/22

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