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The high-magnesium calcite origin of nummulitid foraminifera and implications for the identification of calcite diagenesis

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The high-magnesium calcite origin of nummulitid foraminifera and implications for the identification of calcite diagenesis. / Cotton, Laura J.; Evans, David; Beavington-Penney, Simon J.

In: Palaios, Vol. 35, No. 10, 12.11.2020, p. 421-431.

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Cotton, Laura J. ; Evans, David ; Beavington-Penney, Simon J. / The high-magnesium calcite origin of nummulitid foraminifera and implications for the identification of calcite diagenesis. In: Palaios. 2020 ; Vol. 35, No. 10. pp. 421-431.

Bibtex

@article{23862a528e584d88a247f657593065ca,
title = "The high-magnesium calcite origin of nummulitid foraminifera and implications for the identification of calcite diagenesis",
abstract = "Nummulites were one of the most abundant and widespread larger benthic foraminifera of the Paleogene, however, confusion remains within the literature as to whether their original test mineralogy was high or low magnesium calcite. As the number of studies using proxies based on Nummulites and related nummulitid geochemistry increase, it is essential to have a firm understanding of test composition to assess preservation within potential samples, and to interpret results. Here we employ a combination of X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, and laser ablation ICPMS to determine magnesium content across exceptionally preserved and poorly preserved fossil material as well as modern examples of nummulitids—showing conclusively a primary intermediate to high magnesium calcite composition. This composition appears to be closely related to fluctuating ocean chemistry through the Paleogene. Using these results as an indicator of preservation we examine variation in trace element data across a suite of samples, and introduce the concept of the preservagram, a method of quickly visualizing different styles of carbonate diagenesis. Understanding the original mineralogy of nummulitids and, therefore, the extent to which specimens have been diagenetically altered, is essential as larger foraminifera are increasingly used in geochemical studies.",
author = "Cotton, {Laura J.} and David Evans and Beavington-Penney, {Simon J.}",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
day = "12",
doi = "10.2110/palo.2020.029",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "421--431",
journal = "Palaios",
issn = "0883-1351",
publisher = "SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The high-magnesium calcite origin of nummulitid foraminifera and implications for the identification of calcite diagenesis

AU - Cotton, Laura J.

AU - Evans, David

AU - Beavington-Penney, Simon J.

PY - 2020/11/12

Y1 - 2020/11/12

N2 - Nummulites were one of the most abundant and widespread larger benthic foraminifera of the Paleogene, however, confusion remains within the literature as to whether their original test mineralogy was high or low magnesium calcite. As the number of studies using proxies based on Nummulites and related nummulitid geochemistry increase, it is essential to have a firm understanding of test composition to assess preservation within potential samples, and to interpret results. Here we employ a combination of X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, and laser ablation ICPMS to determine magnesium content across exceptionally preserved and poorly preserved fossil material as well as modern examples of nummulitids—showing conclusively a primary intermediate to high magnesium calcite composition. This composition appears to be closely related to fluctuating ocean chemistry through the Paleogene. Using these results as an indicator of preservation we examine variation in trace element data across a suite of samples, and introduce the concept of the preservagram, a method of quickly visualizing different styles of carbonate diagenesis. Understanding the original mineralogy of nummulitids and, therefore, the extent to which specimens have been diagenetically altered, is essential as larger foraminifera are increasingly used in geochemical studies.

AB - Nummulites were one of the most abundant and widespread larger benthic foraminifera of the Paleogene, however, confusion remains within the literature as to whether their original test mineralogy was high or low magnesium calcite. As the number of studies using proxies based on Nummulites and related nummulitid geochemistry increase, it is essential to have a firm understanding of test composition to assess preservation within potential samples, and to interpret results. Here we employ a combination of X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy, and laser ablation ICPMS to determine magnesium content across exceptionally preserved and poorly preserved fossil material as well as modern examples of nummulitids—showing conclusively a primary intermediate to high magnesium calcite composition. This composition appears to be closely related to fluctuating ocean chemistry through the Paleogene. Using these results as an indicator of preservation we examine variation in trace element data across a suite of samples, and introduce the concept of the preservagram, a method of quickly visualizing different styles of carbonate diagenesis. Understanding the original mineralogy of nummulitids and, therefore, the extent to which specimens have been diagenetically altered, is essential as larger foraminifera are increasingly used in geochemical studies.

U2 - 10.2110/palo.2020.029

DO - 10.2110/palo.2020.029

M3 - Article

VL - 35

SP - 421

EP - 431

JO - Palaios

JF - Palaios

SN - 0883-1351

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 23462137