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The modified stroop task is susceptible to feigning: stroop performance and symptom over-endorsement in feigned test anxiety

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The modified stroop task is susceptible to feigning: stroop performance and symptom over-endorsement in feigned test anxiety. / Boskovic, Irena; Biermans, Anita J.; Merten, Thomas; Jelicic, Marko; Hope, Lorraine; Merckelbach, Harald.

In: Frontiers in Psychology , Vol. 9, 1195, 11.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Boskovic, I, Biermans, AJ, Merten, T, Jelicic, M, Hope, L & Merckelbach, H 2018, 'The modified stroop task is susceptible to feigning: stroop performance and symptom over-endorsement in feigned test anxiety', Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 9, 1195. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01195

APA

Boskovic, I., Biermans, A. J., Merten, T., Jelicic, M., Hope, L., & Merckelbach, H. (2018). The modified stroop task is susceptible to feigning: stroop performance and symptom over-endorsement in feigned test anxiety. Frontiers in Psychology , 9, [1195]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01195

Vancouver

Author

Boskovic, Irena ; Biermans, Anita J. ; Merten, Thomas ; Jelicic, Marko ; Hope, Lorraine ; Merckelbach, Harald. / The modified stroop task is susceptible to feigning: stroop performance and symptom over-endorsement in feigned test anxiety. In: Frontiers in Psychology . 2018 ; Vol. 9.

Bibtex

@article{603252b74b8c4b9cb291bd2371f5d955,
title = "The modified stroop task is susceptible to feigning: stroop performance and symptom over-endorsement in feigned test anxiety",
abstract = "Some researchers argue that the modified Stroop task (MST) can be employed to rule out feigning. According to these authors, modified Stroop interference effects are beyond conscious control and therefore indicative of genuine psychopathology. We examined this assumption using a within-subject design. In the first session, students (N = 22) responded honestly, while in the second session they were asked to read a vignette about test anxiety and then fake this condition. During both sessions, we administered an MST consisting of neutral, anxiety-related, and test anxiety-related words. Participants also completed the Self-Report Symptom Inventory (SRSI; Merten et al., 2016) that focuses on over-reporting of pseudosymptoms. Our feigning instructions were successful in that students succeeded in generating the typical MST effect by providing longer response latencies on anxiety related (r = 0.43) and test anxiety-related (r = 0.31) words, compared with neutral words. Furthermore, students endorsed significantly more pseudosymptoms on the SRSI (r = 0.62) in the feigning session than in the honest control condition. We conclude that the MST effect is not immune to feigning tendencies, while the SRSI provides promising results that require future research.",
author = "Irena Boskovic and Biermans, {Anita J.} and Thomas Merten and Marko Jelicic and Lorraine Hope and Harald Merckelbach",
year = "2018",
month = jul,
day = "11",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01195",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology ",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The modified stroop task is susceptible to feigning: stroop performance and symptom over-endorsement in feigned test anxiety

AU - Boskovic, Irena

AU - Biermans, Anita J.

AU - Merten, Thomas

AU - Jelicic, Marko

AU - Hope, Lorraine

AU - Merckelbach, Harald

PY - 2018/7/11

Y1 - 2018/7/11

N2 - Some researchers argue that the modified Stroop task (MST) can be employed to rule out feigning. According to these authors, modified Stroop interference effects are beyond conscious control and therefore indicative of genuine psychopathology. We examined this assumption using a within-subject design. In the first session, students (N = 22) responded honestly, while in the second session they were asked to read a vignette about test anxiety and then fake this condition. During both sessions, we administered an MST consisting of neutral, anxiety-related, and test anxiety-related words. Participants also completed the Self-Report Symptom Inventory (SRSI; Merten et al., 2016) that focuses on over-reporting of pseudosymptoms. Our feigning instructions were successful in that students succeeded in generating the typical MST effect by providing longer response latencies on anxiety related (r = 0.43) and test anxiety-related (r = 0.31) words, compared with neutral words. Furthermore, students endorsed significantly more pseudosymptoms on the SRSI (r = 0.62) in the feigning session than in the honest control condition. We conclude that the MST effect is not immune to feigning tendencies, while the SRSI provides promising results that require future research.

AB - Some researchers argue that the modified Stroop task (MST) can be employed to rule out feigning. According to these authors, modified Stroop interference effects are beyond conscious control and therefore indicative of genuine psychopathology. We examined this assumption using a within-subject design. In the first session, students (N = 22) responded honestly, while in the second session they were asked to read a vignette about test anxiety and then fake this condition. During both sessions, we administered an MST consisting of neutral, anxiety-related, and test anxiety-related words. Participants also completed the Self-Report Symptom Inventory (SRSI; Merten et al., 2016) that focuses on over-reporting of pseudosymptoms. Our feigning instructions were successful in that students succeeded in generating the typical MST effect by providing longer response latencies on anxiety related (r = 0.43) and test anxiety-related (r = 0.31) words, compared with neutral words. Furthermore, students endorsed significantly more pseudosymptoms on the SRSI (r = 0.62) in the feigning session than in the honest control condition. We conclude that the MST effect is not immune to feigning tendencies, while the SRSI provides promising results that require future research.

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01195

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01195

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

M1 - 1195

ER -

ID: 10844813