The nucleation and growth of η phase in nickel-based superalloy during long-term thermal exposure
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
The microstructure degradation and subsequent phase transformations in Waspaloy nickel-based superalloy during thermal exposure at 780 °C for 10,000 h were investigated. Two paths of η phase formation in the centre of extra-large γ’ (EL-γ’) following the formation of EL-γ’ were observed: (i) η phase directly precipitated within EL-γ’ when the coalescence of γ’ reached a critical stage; (ii) η phase precipitated at the interface of small size MC carbide and EL-γ’, with both MC and η embedded inside EL-γ’. The phase transformation process including the formation of EL-γ’ were experimentally observed and the formation sequences were schematically suggested. Two criteria of η formation and growth within EL-γ’ were established: (i) stacking faults formation in the nucleation site and (ii) sufficient atom diffusion during nuclei growth. The study of kinetics of η formation through two different paths revealed the critical role of small size carbides in promoting η nucleation and growth. It is concluded that η formation may be suppressed by controlling the size and density of MC carbides during materials processing.
|Number of pages||14|
|Early online date||24 Dec 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Feb 2020|