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Total organic carbon evaluation of the Bowland Shale Formation in the Upper Bowland of the Widmerpool Gulf

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Widmerpool Gulf is one of the basins in the carboniferous Bowland Hodder shale in Central Britain. The area of interest in the Widmerpool Gulf is the Bowland Shale Formation within the Upper Bowland. This paper focuses on evaluating the total organic carbon (TOC) from Rempstone 1 and Old Dalby 1 both penetrating the Bowland Shale Formation using Passey’s delta Log R method. TOC is an essential property needed to have a productive shale gas play - accurate characterisation of TOC is critical in evaluating the potential of shale gas reservoirs because it closely relates to the amount of kerogen and therefore total gas content. Passey’s method involves the use of well logs to obtain the organic richness i.e. TOC. It relies on the response of well logs to organic matter using an overlay of porosity logs and resistivity logs. Which causes a separation i.e. a delta Log R separation. The reasons for the delta Log R separation in an organic rich reservoir/non reservoir rocks is due to the presence of low density, high transit time kerogen and the presence of formation fluid i.e. oil, gas or water. Immature source rocks also observe a separation but only from the porosity log whilst non source rocks observe no separation. Rempstone 1 and Old Dalby 1 well logs were exported on Interactive Petrophysics to analyse the lithology of the intervals before been exported to Microsoft Excel to evaluate the parameters of Passey’s equation to enable TOC determination. TOC estimates for the Upper Bowland Shale section in the Widmerpool Gulf and was found comparable to estimates obtained from British Geological Survey (BGS) RockEval core analysis report. This method proved to be a suitable way of estimating the total organic carbon using simple well logs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-145
JournalJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
Volume150
Early online date6 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2017

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