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Toward real NOON-state sources

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Path-entangled N-photon systems described by NOON states are the main ingredient of many quantum information and quantum imaging protocols. Our analysis aims to lead the way toward the implementation of both NOON-state sources and their applications. To this end, we study the functionality of "real" NOON-state sources by quantifying the effect real experimental apparatuses have on the actual generation of the desired NOON state. In particular, since the conditional generation of NOON states strongly relies on photon counters, we evaluate the dependence of both the reliability and the signal-to-noise ratio of "real" NOON-state sources on detection losses. We find a surprising result: NOON-state sources relying on nondetection are much more reliable than NOON-state sources relying on single-photon detection. Also the comparison of the resources required to implement these two protocols comes out to be in favor of NOON-state sources based on nondetection. A scheme to improve the performances of "real" NOON-state sources based on single-photon detection is also proposed and analyzed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-278
JournalInternational Journal of Quantum Information
Volume07
Issue numbersupp01
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes

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