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UK securitisation of aid projects in Africa: review of evidence from Kenya, South Sudan, Mali, and Senegal

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Motivation: In 2020, the UK merged the Department for International Development (DFID) with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), as the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO). This policy move strengthens the trend to securitize development, whereby the provision of aid is motivated by national security concerns.

Purpose: Many researchers have raised concerns about the securitization of aid and its consequences for development, but little research has examined its impact on aid‐recipient countries.

Approach and methods: This study evaluates 144 securitized aid projects implemented by DFID between 2000 and 2018 in Kenya, Nigeria and South Sudan, using the OECD evaluation criteria of relevance, effectiveness, impact, and sustainability.

Findings: Our analysis finds that although most of the projects assessed were “relevant”, i.e. formally aligned with recipient and funders’ objectives, many struggled to achieve their intended outputs (“effectiveness”). Few of the projects had a positive impact. We conclude that the “securitized” projects reviewed did not significantly strengthen the recipient countries’ institutions, stability, or security but had some negative side effects.

Policy implications: In view of the merger of DFID with the FCO and the decision to reduce aid to 0.5% of Gross National Income (GNI), the UK is likely to draw an even closer connection between domestic security priorities and its development aid. In view of our empirical findings, the UK government needs to be more aware of the limitations of development interventions undertaken in the name of security and consider other means of enabling development.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDevelopment Policy Review
Publication statusAccepted for publication - 17 Feb 2021


  • dpr.12551

    Rights statement: The embargo end date of 2050 is a temporary measure until we know the publication date. Once we know the publication date the full text of this article will be able to view shortly afterwards.

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 37.4 MB, PDF document

    Due to publisher’s copyright restrictions, this document is not freely available to download from this website until: 1/01/50

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