Understanding election violence in the Philippines: beware the unknown assassins of May
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
indicating that violence increased closer to an election date, and frequency substantially increased during the 14-year period. This is the first academic journal article since John Linantud in 1998 to focus on the issue of election violence in the Philippines but through adaptive methodologies goes further, enabling national analysis. Furthermore, our findings reveal statistically significant differences regarding the types of terrorist attacks and targets when comparing election and non-election periods. We highlight complicating factors such as the majority of attacks being attributed to “unknown” actors and the complex situation during elections. The results also demonstrate that election violence in the Philippines is dominated by the New People’s Army and the use of assassination. The paper makes the case for further research and the creation of a dedicated database of election violence in the Philippines and elsewhere, and evaluates the measures implemented by the government that have failed to stem election violence.
|Early online date||14 Jun 2021|
|Publication status||Early online - 14 Jun 2021|
Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 590 KB, PDF document
Due to publisher’s copyright restrictions, this document is not freely available to download from this website until: 14/06/22