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Unidirectional shear horizontal wave generation with side-shifted periodic permanent magnets electromagnetic acoustic transducer

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Periodic permanent magnet (PPM) array electromagnetic acoustic transducers (EMATs) can efficiently generate and receive shear horizontal (SH) ultrasonic waves. Conventional PPM EMATs typically generate waves which simultaneously propagate both forwards and backwards. This can complicate the received signals and make it difficult to locate the position of scatterers. Unidirectional generation of ultrasounds can be achieved if two ultrasonic sources are separated by a predefined distance and are excited with the proper delay. Relying on this principle, EMATs have been previously designed aiming to generate other modes of ultrasonic waves. The main challenge when extending this conception to an SH-wave EMAT is how to restrict each coil to its specific magnet array. We present the concept of a unidirectional SH EMAT consisting of two racetrack coils and two interlaced PPM arrays, that are slightly shifted sideways, in such a way that the generated wavefronts still properly interfere. The design was fabricated and experimentally evaluated in an aluminum plate generating the SH0 guided wave mode. The forward to backward generated wave ratio is above 20 dB and well agrees with finite element simulations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2757-2760
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
Issue number12
Early online date28 Sep 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020


  • 2020-12-18 Final version for REF2021

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    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 467 KB, PDF document

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