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Validation of a subjective evaluation study using work sampling

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Validation of a subjective evaluation study using work sampling. / Rutter, P. M.; Hunt, A. J.; Darracott, R.; Jones, I. F.

In: Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, Vol. 16, No. 3-4, 01.12.1999, p. 174-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Rutter, PM, Hunt, AJ, Darracott, R & Jones, IF 1999, 'Validation of a subjective evaluation study using work sampling', Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, vol. 16, no. 3-4, pp. 174-185.

APA

Rutter, P. M., Hunt, A. J., Darracott, R., & Jones, I. F. (1999). Validation of a subjective evaluation study using work sampling. Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 16(3-4), 174-185.

Vancouver

Rutter PM, Hunt AJ, Darracott R, Jones IF. Validation of a subjective evaluation study using work sampling. Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy. 1999 Dec 1;16(3-4):174-185.

Author

Rutter, P. M. ; Hunt, A. J. ; Darracott, R. ; Jones, I. F. / Validation of a subjective evaluation study using work sampling. In: Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy. 1999 ; Vol. 16, No. 3-4. pp. 174-185.

Bibtex

@article{a59e36cc21b84247ad4d3302400a2e56,
title = "Validation of a subjective evaluation study using work sampling",
abstract = "A study to investigate how community pharmacists in Great Britain spent their time was previously performed.[1] This utilised the work study technique of subjective evaluation (estimation). However, to determine the validity of these results a further study utilising a different work study technique was conducted. Five trained observers made a total of 2 682 observations at two minute intervals. These were performed on three separate days over a six week period in five pharmacies. Observations were categorised into 16 previously used activity categories representing the work of a community pharmacist. The mean percentage times of the observed and estimated time values were compared and tested for significant differences. Only two of the sixteen categories were shown to be significantly different; waiting and personal time (category 13) and communication non-health related (category 11). It appears that subjective evaluation can be used as a tool to gain quantifiable measurements on how pharmacists spend their time. Furthermore it is a method by which large numbers of pharmacies can participate simultaneously to gain data on the working patterns of community pharmacists.",
keywords = "Community, Pharmacies, Subjective evaluation, Validation, Work sampling",
author = "Rutter, {P. M.} and Hunt, {A. J.} and R. Darracott and Jones, {I. F.}",
year = "1999",
month = dec,
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "174--185",
journal = "Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy",
issn = "0281-0662",
publisher = "Swedish Pharmaceutical Press",
number = "3-4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Validation of a subjective evaluation study using work sampling

AU - Rutter, P. M.

AU - Hunt, A. J.

AU - Darracott, R.

AU - Jones, I. F.

PY - 1999/12/1

Y1 - 1999/12/1

N2 - A study to investigate how community pharmacists in Great Britain spent their time was previously performed.[1] This utilised the work study technique of subjective evaluation (estimation). However, to determine the validity of these results a further study utilising a different work study technique was conducted. Five trained observers made a total of 2 682 observations at two minute intervals. These were performed on three separate days over a six week period in five pharmacies. Observations were categorised into 16 previously used activity categories representing the work of a community pharmacist. The mean percentage times of the observed and estimated time values were compared and tested for significant differences. Only two of the sixteen categories were shown to be significantly different; waiting and personal time (category 13) and communication non-health related (category 11). It appears that subjective evaluation can be used as a tool to gain quantifiable measurements on how pharmacists spend their time. Furthermore it is a method by which large numbers of pharmacies can participate simultaneously to gain data on the working patterns of community pharmacists.

AB - A study to investigate how community pharmacists in Great Britain spent their time was previously performed.[1] This utilised the work study technique of subjective evaluation (estimation). However, to determine the validity of these results a further study utilising a different work study technique was conducted. Five trained observers made a total of 2 682 observations at two minute intervals. These were performed on three separate days over a six week period in five pharmacies. Observations were categorised into 16 previously used activity categories representing the work of a community pharmacist. The mean percentage times of the observed and estimated time values were compared and tested for significant differences. Only two of the sixteen categories were shown to be significantly different; waiting and personal time (category 13) and communication non-health related (category 11). It appears that subjective evaluation can be used as a tool to gain quantifiable measurements on how pharmacists spend their time. Furthermore it is a method by which large numbers of pharmacies can participate simultaneously to gain data on the working patterns of community pharmacists.

KW - Community

KW - Pharmacies

KW - Subjective evaluation

KW - Validation

KW - Work sampling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033489889&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://www.scopus.com/sourceid/67938?origin=recordpage

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0033489889

VL - 16

SP - 174

EP - 185

JO - Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy

JF - Journal of Social and Administrative Pharmacy

SN - 0281-0662

IS - 3-4

ER -

ID: 16116191