Skip to content

Zero-order and prolonged release of atenolol from microporous FAU and BEA zeolites, and mesoporous MCM-41: experimental and theoretical investigations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

The potential of microporous zeolites FAU and BEA, and mesoporous MCM-41, for prolonged release of atenolol in drug delivery systems was investigated both experimentally, using drug release studies, and theoretically using classical molecular dynamics simulations. Remarkably, zero-order release of atenolol was achieved from FAU (SiO2:Al2O3 = 80:1) into phosphate buffer for 24 h followed by prolonged release for at least another 48 h. Experimental data also demonstrate the ability for all of the drug-zeolite combinations investigated to achieve prolonged release of atenolol, with the release rates determined by the combination of framework topology, aluminium content and drug release study media. Molecular dynamics simulations give an insight into the reasons for the different release rates observed for FAU and BEA. The results of this work emphasise the need for sophisticated models in order to explain subtle differences in release, such as those observed at different SiO2:Al2O3 ratios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-149
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Early online date22 Jul 2020
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2020


  • Zero-Order and Prolonged Release

    Accepted author manuscript (Post-print), 1.12 MB, PDF document

    Due to publisher’s copyright restrictions, this document is not freely available to download from this website until: 22/07/21

    Licence: CC BY-NC-ND

Related information

Relations Get citation (various referencing formats)

ID: 22316402